Cultural History Encyclopedia


  • The fishing industry at Færøy

    The seine-drying facility at Færøy is enormous. Yet it is only one part of the fishing industry which grew up and expanded in this place in the course of 2-3 generations.

  • Memorial stone at Askvoll church for fallen soldiers 1940-1945

    In the churchyard at Askvoll, there is a memorial stone with 16 names, - all from the municipality of Askvoll, who lost their lives during the war 1940-1945. The memorial was unveiled on 17 May 1956.

  • Sunnfjord folkehøgskule - memorial commemorating a pioneer

    Sunnfjord folkehøgskule (folk high school)at Førde in Naustdal was established in 1902. "Ungdomsskolen i Søndfjord" was the headline in an announcement in 1902. Thorbjørn Horten (1844-1927) has been called the school's father. He was born at Aurland, but lived his whole life as a grown-up in the region of Sunnfjord, from 1872 on the farm Staviki at Stavang. In 1929, he was honoured with a memorial stone.

  • Hydroelectric power and industry at Svelgen

    In Bremanger the water resources formed the basis for the development of the industrial town of Svelgen. It took some time before any establishment of industry that could utilize the power, and it was only from the 1950s that Svelgen emerged as a major industrial site, with the company Elkem Bremanger as its dominating workplace. After the municipal boundary regulations in 1963, Svelgen became the administrative centre for the new Bremanger municipality.

  • Ospa - idyll with dramatic war history

    In 1943, the motor torpedo boat MTB 345 had to go in to Ospa in Solund because it ran out of fuel. It could not go on, and was detected by German planes. German forces attacked shortly afterwards, and the whole crew of seven had to surrender. They were treated as saboteurs and shot on 30 July 1943. Two resistance members hid in the rock cave of Ospekirkja.

  • War grave at Nord-Vågsøy church - Ragnvald and Arthur Torheim

    The brothers Ragnvald and Arthur Torheim lost their lives during the Second World War due to war actions. Both brothers are buried in the same grave on the churchyard at Nord-Vågsøy church, and there is a beautiful memorial stone on the grave.

  • Styvi

    Styvi is one of the four hamlets or main farms along the Nærøyfjord. It consists of two farms and the "spring farm" of Hølmo. In addition, the farm has the right to have a mountain farm and pastures at Hjølmo and Vassete at Dyrdal, on the opposite side of the fjord. Before the Nærøyfjord area was designated as a world heritage site, a landscape protection area was established from Styvi to Holmo in 1991.

  • Husøy trading post

    Husøy is one of the westernmost islands in the western Sogn district. The topography is one of rocks, islets, and islands. Blue ocean and grey rock. There is very little forest, but some areas with green grass tell us that domestic animals have been kept here. The trading post is situated on the south-west side of the island, at the sound between Husøy and Kirkøy. Husøy chapel stood at Kirkøy from 1717 until 1900.

  • Memorial stone for allied airmen at Moldøen

    On 24 April 1945, 49 allied planes attacked war targets at Måløy. One plane was shot down and one crashed before it reached its target. Four airmen lost their lives. In the summer of 2000, a memorial stone was unveiled to commemorate them. Leif Åge Larsen was one of the persons who took the initiative to raise this monument.

  • The Schreuder monument in Africa

    The missionary bishop Hans Paludan Smith Schreuder (1817-1882), born in Sogndal, was the first Norwegian missionary in Africa. He started his missionary work in Zululand in 1850, working with the Zulu people until his death in 1882. In the autumn of 1915, a monument was erected on his grave in Untunjambili. The monument was consecrated the following year.

  • The memorial stone from Nornes at Sogn Folkemuseum

    At Nornes in Sogndal there used to be three ancient memorial stones. Bishop Neuman refers to three of these in the early 19th century. I. C. Dahl painted one of them in 1827, and one is today placed on the premises of the museum "De Heibergske Samlinger-Sogn Folkemuseum" at Kaupanger. The latter has a strange newer history.

  • Ambulatory school in Solund, a "round dance" from door to door

    When the very first primary school saw the light of day on the Solund islands, the archipelago was divided into two districts of roughly equal size. Then there was one school keeper in each, if there were "suitable individuals" for the work.

  • The fishermen monument at Bremanger

    In 1962, Amanda Igland in the Bremanger Fiskarkvinnelag (an association of fishermen's wives) launched the idea of erecting a memorial plaque at the Hauge church over those who had lost their lives at sea. The idea caught on. Two years later, a monument was unveiled at the Bremanger church.

  • The Ytterøyane lighthouse

    The Ytterøyane lighthouse, the biggest in Sunnfjord, was built in 1881, and has withstood hurricanes and airplane attacks. This lighthouse is one of very few along the coast that has not yet become automated.

  • The Flåm Railway - built 1923-1940

    On 10 July 1908, the Norwegian Parliament - Stortinget - decided to build a railway line between Myrdal and Flåm. The work was not begun until 1923, and only in 1946 was the railway line completely finished. Many people were involved in building the steepest railway line in Norway in a very difficult terrain. Over a distance of 20 kilometres there are 20 tunnels. In the period between 1924 and 1949 6.165.350 man-hours in all were carried out. For close to 20 years the valley of Flåmsdalen was the workplace for several hundred people.