Cultural History Encyclopedia


  • The village of Vassbygdi

    "The people who live above this lake are called 'Vassbygder' and the parish stretches eastwards up to the road leading to the valley of Hallingdal in the Akershus diocese across a part of the mountain area called Filefjell (sic - actually Holsfjellet). Their dead people can only be taken down to the Vangen churchyard by being carried along narrow footpaths and frightening abysses. The corpses have to carried on horseback without coffins in a so-called "kjesse" - a contraption consisting of two strong wicker mats - until they come down to the lowland where the deceased can finally be placed in coffins".(From the vicar Wigeboe's report on Vassbygdi and the valley of Aurlandsdalen in the 1790s).

  • The Royal Postal Road Bleiklindi - Styvi in the Nærøyfjord

    The present main road between Oslo and Bergen follows more or less the same route as the old postal roads did. However, from Lærdal it no longer follows the fjord but cuts through the mountains in a series of long tunnels. A section of the old postal road along the Nærøyfjord is still intact. This road was mostly used in the winter months when ice covered the Nærøyfjord and it was hard to use a boat to and from Gudvangen.

  • The old bank building

    "Gamlebanken" is the popular name of the house which Førde Sparebank (Førde Savings Bank) had built in 1901 and moved into in 1902. Its address is Kyrkjevegen 9, and it is a distinctive building in the centre of Førde. It was used by the bank for 62 years, and also for various community purposes during this period.

  • The trading post of Smørhamn

    At the southernmost point of Bremangerlandet is the old inn of Smørhamn. The sea entrance from the west is narrow, and it is necessary to stay close to the island of Rota. To the east are the frequently weather-exposed waters of Frøysjøen. To the west is the island of Frøya with the small town of Kalvåg, now connected by bridge. Smørhamn is still an important harbour for ferry and express boats.

  • Forest and memorial stone at Ersholmen

    On the small island of Ersholmen between the mainland and the island of Selja the first attempt at afforestation at Selje was carried out by the vicar Johan Daniel Stub Landmark in 1876.

  • The sheepfold - beauty shop of the wild sheep

    Granite stone fences on to a crag, with green patches around and stones rolled to the side on the beach to make room for the rowboat: the sheepfold was an important station for small cattle and people on the farm.

  • Ospa - idyll with dramatic war history

    In 1943, the motor torpedo boat MTB 345 had to go in to Ospa in Solund because it ran out of fuel. It could not go on, and was detected by German planes. German forces attacked shortly afterwards, and the whole crew of seven had to surrender. They were treated as saboteurs and shot on 30 July 1943. Two resistance members hid in the rock cave of Ospekirkja.

  • The burial mounds at Ytre Moa

    In addition to six house sites, 20 burial mounds and a menhir (memorial stone) are located on the Moa terrace. Some of the burial mounds are found in among the houses, whereas the majority is gathered in a row, east of the farmyard. The mounds vary in size and form, being round, oval or oblong. Only a few of the burial mounds at Ytre Moa have been investigated. In addition, a grave under level ground has been excavated, and a boat-shaped area of paved stone. The latter is probably a boat grave. All the graves were archaeologically excavated at the same time as the house sites in the summer months of 1964-1966.

  • "Lefse" pastry from Ytre Gulen

    This lefse recipy is still in use at Ytre (western) Gulen for festive occasions and the Christmas holiday. It is usually served with coffee. The use of lefse is going down, however, as it is mostly elderly people who do this type of baking.

  • Vilnes church

    Vilnes church is a longchurch built of logs located at Vilnes on the southern tip of the island of Atløy in the municipality of Askvoll. The church was built in 1674 and has a seating capacity of 130. The vicar Otthe Jonassøn was in charge of the building project. In the 1950s, the church was restored according to the plans of the architects Johan and Claus Lindstrøm. Vilnes church is a "sokn" church for the Vilnes "sokn" in the parish of Askvoll.

  • The big "river theft" in the valley of Nærøydalen

    The river of Nærøydalselvi has not always been as big as it is today. Throughout the last few ice ages it has stolen many tributary rivers which previously ran westward in the direction of Voss. On the map we can find the oldest water divide between Sogn and Voss in the mountains above Bakka in the Nærøyfjord. Now it has moved all the way to Haugsvik at the eastern end of the lake Oppheimsvatnet. The traces of this "theft" are still clearly visible in the terrain, especially in the municipality of Voss.

  • The Måløy Bridge - Norway's longest bridge in 1974

    The Måløy Bridge was officially opened for traffic in the summer of 1974. The bridge project was realized by means of a strong local involvement and interest. The driving forces behind the project worked enthusiastically for more than ten years to ensure the financing. The bridge project can be said to be a unique case of co-operation between local politicians and the Public Roads Administration. The bridge was one of the first toll road projects in the county.

  • Farm flour mills in Solund

    Few associate grain cultivation with the Solund landscape. Nonetheless, even in the smallest of streams there are visible signs of flour milling. Legal estate documents tell of over 20 farm flour mills in operation.

  • War grave memorial in Førde - Torberg Haaland

    Engineer and pilot officer Torberg Haaland was one of two from Førde who lost their lives in the service of their country during the Second World War. He was buried in the churchyard in Førde on 11 August, 1945. Some time after this a memorial stone was erected on his grave.

  • Frøya church

    Frøya church is a wooden longchurch located at Frøyalandet in the municipality of Bremanger. The church - with a seating capacity of 400 - was consecrated on 11 December, 1865, by the dean Johan Carl Christie. The architect was the painter artist Anders Askevold from Askvoll. Frøya church is a "sokn" church for the Frøya "sokn" and is also the main church in the parish of Bremanger.