Cultural History Encyclopedia


  • The road through the Flåmsdalen valley - construction road and tourist road

    In 1893, the Norwegian Parliament - Stortinget - decided that the Oslo-Bergen railway line would go by way of Voss and Myrdal. The construction of the railway line made it necessary to build a construction road between Flåm and Myrdal. This road was completed in 1898. The road and the railway construction created a new and changed community in the valley of Flåmsdalen. New occupational groups emerged, and the tourist traffic became an important industry. Even today the road is an important element for the tourist industry. Some 16 000 bikers use this road in the summer months.

  • The runic stone at Stedje

    About 100 metres to the east of the Stedje church in Sogndal there is a runic stone measuring 1.89 metres in height and 0.39 metres in width. The stone was probably raised here some time in the Middle Ages.

  • The point of Stakaldeneset

    Stakaldeneset is a barren and west-facing point that rises steeply from the Eikefjord at the strait of Helgøysundet. In the late 1970s, Svein Brandsøy made a find which meant that the textbooks on the Stone Age in Norway had to be rewritten.

  • The Hess family business at Buskøy

    The old patrician seat of Buskøy, with a trade and inn-keeping license from 1705, has been the home of several enterprising and successful people. For a whole generation, one of the most important fishing companies in the country had its base here.

  • Vikingvang Hotel at Gudvangen

    The history of the village of Gudvangen starts about 1800. In that year the innkeeper of Arnehus at Dyrdal, Jens Knutsen Kappadal, moved to Gudvangen. The traffic on the Nærøyfjord increased from the mid-17th century when the national royal postal road by way of Lærdal, Gudvangen and Voss was established. It was a long distance to row from Lærdal to Gudvangen, and for this reason the inn at Arnehus was established.

  • The stone walls at Kvalheim

    The village of Kvalheim is situated north of the bay of Kvalheimsvika on the western shoreline of the island of Vågsøya. In 1900, 188 persons lived there. On the Kvalheim farms there are miles of stone walls criss-crossing the landscape. Today these stone walls are protected by law.

  • Memorial for flight sergeant Erling Julin Olsen

    On the churchyard at Midtgulen there is a memorial dedicated to Erling Julin Olsen. The stone was erected in 1947 by the people of Svelgen c/o "Svelgen turn- og idrettsforening" (sports club). Olsen was a war pilot and was shot down during a training mission in England.

  • Jewellery and personal objects

    Few but various types of jewellery and personal objects have been found at Ytre Moa. These objects demonstrate that the people who lived at Ytre Moa produced a surplus which made it possible to trade or barter goods from elsewhere. The most interesting and surprising aspect of the finds at Ytre Moa, however, is that they may have made their own jewellery and other metal objects.

  • Monument commemorating Georg Distad

    On an oval-shaped stone on a grave at Fjærland church we find this inscription: GEORG DISTAD * BORN 18. June, 1915 * DIED IN ACTION IN * VALDRES 28 APRIL, 1940 * FOR HIS COUNTRY * IN GRATITUDE. Distad was buried in Valdres and the family erected a gravestone. In 1942, his coffin and gravestone were moved home to Fjærland.

  • Cannery at Sauesund

    The production of canned crab on the Sogn og Fjordane coast was started and had the largest volumes at Askvoll. Crab fishing is also rich in this district.

  • Styvi

    Styvi is one of the four hamlets or main farms along the Nærøyfjord. It consists of two farms and the "spring farm" of Hølmo. In addition, the farm has the right to have a mountain farm and pastures at Hjølmo and Vassete at Dyrdal, on the opposite side of the fjord. Before the Nærøyfjord area was designated as a world heritage site, a landscape protection area was established from Styvi to Holmo in 1991.

  • The pirate case at Utvær 1667

    In the summer of 1666, an English privateer forced some fishermen to pilot them to Utvær, where the chapel was looted. The fishermen were tried in court in the autumn session in 1667, and the sentence had grave consequences for them.

  • Husøy trading post

    Husøy is one of the westernmost islands in the western Sogn district. The topography is one of rocks, islets, and islands. Blue ocean and grey rock. There is very little forest, but some areas with green grass tell us that domestic animals have been kept here. The trading post is situated on the south-west side of the island, at the sound between Husøy and Kirkøy. Husøy chapel stood at Kirkøy from 1717 until 1900.

  • The trading post of Kjempenes

    Bulandet is situated on the ocean westernmost in the municipality of Askvoll, comprising ten small islands. The trading post of Kjempenes, where the inn and the general store were situated, is on the island of Musøya. This island is situated between Hillersøy to the south-west and Nikøy to the north-east. The other islands are concentrated in a north-westerly direction from Kjempenes.

  • War grave at Solund churchyard - Bjarne Peder Nesøy

    Two years after the war 1940-1945, the 13-year-old boy Bjarne Peder Nesøy died after a fire accident. He had played with inflammable "sticks" which he and his brother had found at a German fortification. Bjarne Peder Nesøy lost his life as a consequence of the war, although it happened as late as in 1947.